Sub-fonds MS 86/1 - Samnuggur Jute Factory Co Ltd

Identity area

Reference code

MS 86/1


Samnuggur Jute Factory Co Ltd


  • 1874-1977 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

4.40 linear metres.

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

This Calcutta-based company was floated in 1873 by Thomas Duff (previously manager of the Borneo Co) in conjunction with the brothers Alexander and James Nicoll and Joseph Johnston Barrie. Managed by William Smith (previously of Cox Brothers, Lochee) working for the agents, Messrs Schoene Kilburn & Co, the Samnuggur Jute Factory Co was particularly successful at a time (c.1875) when other Calcutta mills languished or failed, and proved the ability of the Calcutta mills to compete with Dundee for the American and Australian markets. In 1883 the firm of Thomas Duff was incorporated as a limited company and took over the agency. An additional mill was built in 1901 on the opposite (north) bank of the River Hooghly at Bhaddressar. In 1972 a workshop was set up at Samnuggur [North] to produce components for mill machinery in the 'Duff' group. Samnuggur Jute Factory Co Ltd merged with Victoria Jute Factory Co Ltd and Titaghur Jute Factory Co Ltd in 1969, with the latter as the parent company and the Angus Company Ltd as a subsidiary of the group. In 1976 changes to the articles of association were adopted, reorganising the capital of the Company and transferring its residence to India, effectively passing management and control of the Company from Dundee to Calcutta.

Archival history

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Minutes 1874-1976; shareholding records 1912-1966; ledgers 1933-1959; cash books 1935-1966; journal 1924-1975; balance sheets 1919-1976; annual reports 1904-1958; memoranda and articles of association 1874-1976; employees' records 1913-1950; order books 1926-1964; specifications; quotations and price lists 1874-c.1900; plans c.1874-1977 and technical drawings 1874-1896.


Not expected

System of arrangement

Usually chronological within series.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Open for consultation subject to preservation requirements. Access must also conform to the restrictions of the Data Protection Act (2018), General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, 2018) and any other relevant legislation or restrictions. Clinical information is closed for 100 years.

Conditions governing reproduction

Reproduction is available subject to preservation requirements. Charges may be made for this service, and copyright and other restrictions may apply; please check with the Duty Archivist.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

The records are on paper and include outsize plans

Finding aids

Descriptive list. Subject source lists and databases are also available.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

MS 86/V Thomas Duff & Co Ltd MS 86/XXVI Miscellaneous Photographs

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

MS 86/1

Rules and/or conventions used

Description compiled in line with the following standards: International Council on Archives, ISAD(G) General International Standard Archival Description; International Council on Archives, ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families; National Council on Archives, Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997



Dates of creation revision deletion


  • English



Accession area

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