Baxter Brothers & Co Ltd, linen and jute spinners and manufacturers, Dundee
- 1795-1992 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
9.43 linear metres
Name of creator
In 1818 William Baxter leased a flax spinning mill at Glamis and in 1822, in partnership with his eldest son Edward, built his first mill on the Dens Burn in Dundee. In 1825, when Edward left the company, two younger sons were assumed as partners and the firm's name was changed from William Baxter and Son to Baxter Brothers and Co. In 1853, a new partnership agreement was drawn up which included Peter Carmichael, an engineer and manager of Upper Dens Mill. In 1856 William Ogilvie Dalgleish, who married a granddaughter of William Baxter, was admitted as a partner and new partnership agreements were also drawn up in 1873 and in 1879. The firm was incorporated as a private limited company in 1892 when a majority holding was acquired in Boase and Co Ltd, bleachers Claverhouse. In 1921 Boase and Co. Ltd, became a wholly owned subsidiary and in 1929 Baxter's acquired Richard Hayward & Sons (1929) Ltd. In the meantime Baxter Brothers and Co Ltd, had become part of the Low & Bonar group established in 1924. The firm continued to trade as a manufacturing unit within the Low and Bonar group until 1978.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Minute books 1873 1966, letter books 1898-1929, register of members 1930 1948, ledgers 1807 1815, 1853 1973, journals 1853 1955, balance books 1832 1949, miscellaneous financial records 1806 1974, wages books 1841 1959, production books 1841 1927, contract and order books 1898 1952, quotations and estimates 1850 1971, inventories and valuations 1853 1975, miscellaneous technical records 1833 c.1930, mill manager's history of flax spinning c.1866, representatives' reports 1926 1963, miscellaneous papers including genealogical notes on Baxter family 1795 1986, plans c.1820 1963 and technical drawings 1850 1957 , photographs 1833 1980 .
System of arrangement
Usually chronological within series.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Open for consultation subject to preservation requirements. Access must also conform to the restrictions of the Data Protection Act (2018), General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, 2018) and any other relevant legislation or restrictions. Clinical information is closed for 100 years.
Conditions governing reproduction
Reproduction is available subject to preservation requirements. Charges may be made for this service, and copyright and other restrictions may apply; please check with the Duty Archivist.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
The records are largely on paper, but include photographs and many outsize plans.
Descriptive list. Subject source lists and databases are also available.
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related units of description
Baxters of Dundee, Dundee Department of Extra-Mural Education, 1980;
Place access points
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Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
Description compiled in line with the following standards: International Council on Archives, ISAD(G) General International Standard Archival Description; International Council on Archives, ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families; National Council on Archives, Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997
Dates of creation revision deletion