Collection MS 11 - Baxter Brothers & Co Ltd, linen and jute spinners and manufacturers, Dundee

Royal visit to Baxters: Carriage waiting outside (rehearsal) Royal visit to Baxters: Open carriage with King George V, Queen Mary and the Princess Royal. Interior view of weaving shed showing women at looms Baxters old half-time school, with inset of portrait of the schoolmaster, Mr Andrew Strachan. [Ta... Interior view of weaving shed Exterior view of works (decorated possibly for royal visit), and street scene with tramcars, hors... "Back shift" leaving Dens Works Photograph: Sir David Baxter Photograph: J. Behrens Photograph: A. Chalmers Photograph: A. Moir Photograph: D. Low Photograph: A. Smyth Photograph: J. Skinner Photograph: D Pyott Photograph: Mr Dalgleish Photograph: Mr Carmichael Photograph: W. Wright Photograph: D. Moir Photograph: D McIntosh Photograph: G. Brown Photograph: A. Adamson Photograph: P. Murray Photograph: J. Montgomerie Photograph: A. Williams
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Identity area

Reference code

MS 11


Baxter Brothers & Co Ltd, linen and jute spinners and manufacturers, Dundee


  • 1795-1992 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

9.43 linear metres

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

In 1818 William Baxter leased a flax spinning mill at Glamis and in 1822, in partnership with his eldest son Edward, built his first mill on the Dens Burn in Dundee. In 1825, when Edward left the company, two younger sons were assumed as partners and the firm's name was changed from William Baxter and Son to Baxter Brothers and Co. In 1853, a new partnership agreement was drawn up which included Peter Carmichael, an engineer and manager of Upper Dens Mill. In 1856 William Ogilvie Dalgleish, who married a granddaughter of William Baxter, was admitted as a partner and new partnership agreements were also drawn up in 1873 and in 1879. The firm was incorporated as a private limited company in 1892 when a majority holding was acquired in Boase and Co Ltd, bleachers Claverhouse. In 1921 Boase and Co. Ltd, became a wholly owned subsidiary and in 1929 Baxter's acquired Richard Hayward & Sons (1929) Ltd. In the meantime Baxter Brothers and Co Ltd, had become part of the Low & Bonar group established in 1924. The firm continued to trade as a manufacturing unit within the Low and Bonar group until 1978.

Archival history

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Minute books 1873 1966, letter books 1898-1929, register of members 1930 1948, ledgers 1807 1815, 1853 1973, journals 1853 1955, balance books 1832 1949, miscellaneous financial records 1806 1974, wages books 1841 1959, production books 1841 1927, contract and order books 1898 1952, quotations and estimates 1850 1971, inventories and valuations 1853 1975, miscellaneous technical records 1833 c.1930, mill manager's history of flax spinning c.1866, representatives' reports 1926 1963, miscellaneous papers including genealogical notes on Baxter family 1795 1986, plans c.1820 1963 and technical drawings 1850 1957 [368], photographs 1833 1980 [145].


Not expected

System of arrangement

Usually chronological within series.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Open for consultation subject to preservation requirements. Access must also conform to the restrictions of the Data Protection Act (2018), General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, 2018) and any other relevant legislation or restrictions. Clinical information is closed for 100 years.

Conditions governing reproduction

Reproduction is available subject to preservation requirements. Charges may be made for this service, and copyright and other restrictions may apply; please check with the Duty Archivist.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

The records are largely on paper, but include photographs and many outsize plans.

Finding aids

Descriptive list. Subject source lists and databases are also available.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

MS 10 Boase & Co Ltd, Claverhouse Bleachfield, Dundee MS 24 Low & Bonar Ltd, jute spinners, manufacturers and merchants, Dundee

Related descriptions

Notes area


Baxters of Dundee, Dundee Department of Extra-Mural Education, 1980;

Alternative identifier(s)

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Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

MS 11

Rules and/or conventions used

Description compiled in line with the following standards: International Council on Archives, ISAD(G) General International Standard Archival Description; International Council on Archives, ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons, and Families; National Council on Archives, Rules for the Construction of Personal, Place and Corporate Names, 1997



Dates of creation revision deletion


  • English



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