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James Milton Robb
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2 page diary/journal/letter. Contents describe the following scenes: Clara sick. Nellie called Mr Shorn who said she had maybe 2 or 3 more months to live. Sister will go to California for winter. Author had taken a cold and was sick. School started early this year.

James Milton Robb

  • MS 243
  • Collection
  • 1941-1947
Photocopies of correspondence and personal documents relating to the death of James Milton Robb and the search for his journal, c 1944-1947; Journal of 1st Lieutenant James Milton Robb entitled 'Carry On!' kept during imprisonment at Japanese prisoner-of-war camp in the Philippines, 1941-1944; Copy of newspaper report of death of Monica Cowles Robb

James Milton Robb

Letter from C.A. Swanson to Walter Robb

Letter from C.A. Swanson, Rear Admiral (M.C.), Surgeon General, U.S. Navy to Walter Robb. Missing manuscript still not located, perhaps being used by prosecutors of Japanese and Filipino war criminals.

Letter from Lowell Turrentine to Mr Walter Robb

Letter from Lowell Turrentine, Professor of Law, Stanford University to Mr Walter Robb referring to a supplied memorandum, 17 February 1947, to Turrentine from Thomas A. Spragens which advised the Robbs to write to their Congressman or Senator or to write directly to General MacArthur for the manuscript of the deceased serviceman.

Letter to (?) from Mr Walter and Mrs Kay (?) Robb

4 page hand-written letter to (?) from Mr Walter and Mrs Kay (?) Robb in reply to information regarding a book, "Carry On", written by their son, James, while a prisoner. Letter explains that James was one of Stanford's youngest students practising law with DeWitt, Perkins, Ponce Enrile in Manila at the outbreak of war. Went through Death March and "horrors of O'Donnell, Bilibid, Cabanatuan" [camps] finally dying on the last Death Ship bound for Japan. His wife, Monica, was killed in bombing [on day of liberation]. Mentions enclosed letters from Lt. E.G. Schweizer and Mr Leonard Carlson [manuscript surrendered to Carlson]. Ends requesting any further information or copies of "Carry On" and intention to publish.

Manuscript, "Carry On!", by 1st Lt. James Milton Robb which he kept during imprisonment at Japanese prisoner-of-war camp in the Philippines, 1941-1944.

Manuscript, "Carry On!", by 1st Lt. James Milton Robb, in typescript form. [Includes an 11 page summary of 20 chapters which does not correspond entirely with contents of chapters.] [Photocopies] Chapter 1. Background to Manila and Philippines. 8 December 1941, Japanese nationals picked up; Camp John Hay, Iba Field, Clark Field, Nicholls Field bombed; Japanese wipe out air force, landed troops; defence troops both American and Filipino; Manila attacked; F.D. Roosevelt, "Your independence will be redeemed."; fear; President Quezon, U.S. High Commander Sayre left Manila for Corregidor; Gen. MacArthur declared Manila an "open city". Chapter 2. - "Canacao Hospital". Background to the hospital; details other medical facilities on Philippines: U.S. Navy Dispensary, Manila and U.S. Naval Medical Supply Depot, Canacao. Details of location of Naval Yard on island of Cavite in Canacao Bay; at outbreak of war plans to move Canacao Hospital (and patients) to Manila; air raids; war preparations made. Chapter 3. - "Baptism of Fire". Evacuation of patients; Navy Yard destroyed; damage to fleet; Ammunitions Depot untouched; details of casualties; 81 planes in raid dropped around 200 tons of bombs, "They work". Chapter 4. - "Evacuation". Transfer of Canacao Hospital equipment to Manila; mentions many officers and medical staff in detail; moving of Medical Supply Depot under heavy air raid attack; list of Dispensary staff; once move completed, news that Japanese poised to enter Manila and orders to abandon new Medical Supply Depot; transfer what they could to Santa Scholastica College; footnote about Dr Hjalmar A. Erickson; list of pharmacist's mates who moved the Medical Supply Depot. Chapter 5. - "Manila". Medical Centre set up in Manila, public buildings taken over; 27 December 1941, Manila attacked by air raid-Manila an "open city" and so no defence was made; civilian casualties; Dr Brokenshire; move out of Manila (Japanese advancing) to Bataan Peninsula; Manila occupied by 1 January 1942. Chapter 6. - "Santa Scholastica". College in Manila (a girls' school run by German nuns); Japanese internees in Manila orderly; confusion in Manila as Japanese advance, "scorched earth" policy; looting; New Year's Eve, 1941; by 2 January 1942 Japanese have complete control of city; fear of Japanese occupation in Santa Scholastica, 7 January, looted, inspections and breach of Geneva Convention 1929 [cited]; resistance to looting organised; details about diet; some prisoners taken away to temporary prison camp, no POW facilities; another smaller group taken to Santo Tomas and were well looked after; others left for Pasay; end of Santa Scholastica; Chinese cooks; records of Canacao Hospital seized. Chapter 7. Conditions at Pasay Elementary School ('Pasay Accommodation Place'); details of diet and rations; discipline; beatings; intention to degrade white Americans in eyes of Filipinos and to boost Japanese ego; sanitation and overcrowding appalling; Japanese media; Japanese treated by U.S. doctors; Lt. Kusomoto (in charge of all war prisoners in Manila) treated for dengue-led to 'friendship' with U.S. medics which led to better conditions for POWs; April 1942 (as Bataan fell) Pasay busier; strict rations; Hospital corps prisoners kept to purely medical work; beriberi; Navy medics moved to Bilibid, others to Cabanatuan. [No Chapter 8] Chapter 9. - "The Problems of Malaria and Dysentery". Malaria: Detail about the nature and treatment of the disease which was rife at Bilibid; lack of quinine; deaths; breach of Geneva Convention 1929 [cited]; malaria under control from July 1942 but still deaths; specific detail about type of malaria suffered and spread of; details about dosage of quinine. Dysentery: Detail about the nature and treatment of the disease; excerpt from the diary of Shearer detailing diet for June 1942. Excerpt from Brokenshire's notes detailing situation in June 1942. Chapter 10. - "Food and the Diseases of Starvation". Deliberate policy of starvation; "garbage soup"; list of food deliveries for June 1942 [as in Chapter 9]; beriberi; 2 letters from Sarkin to Kusomoto about diet; nutrition details; pellagra, xeropthalmia, nutritional amblyopia, beriberi, painful foot syndrome, blindness, superficial corneal ulceration, epiphoria, periorbital edema, photophobia, avitaminosis. [No Chapter 11] Chapter 12.-"The Fight for Food". New galley built; 2 letters from Sarkin to Kusomoto about inadequate food supply; Chinese cooks; rain and floods; new commander, Dr Nogi; improved diet led to clinical improvements but still malnutrition diseases. 2 open top ranges built enabling bread baking; "Special Diet Kitchens"; Japanese begin to pay all Navy and Army Commissioned Officers, Chief Warrant Officers and Army and Navy hospital corpsmen; list of ranks and pays; amended list of ranks and pays less "subsistence" charge and "savings"; "Cuan cooking"; yeast; Red Cross supplies of food, clothing, and medicine; detail of individual Japanese officers' attitudes to U.S. prisoners; day to day aspects of life; switch in 1943 to dried fish and meat from fresh; financial cost to Japanese of Bilibid. Chapter 12. [wrongly numbered in manuscript]-"The Fight for Medicine and Supplies". Medical supplies inadequate; lists of most needed supplies and equipment; lack of beds and mattresses-risk of pneumonia; lack of toilet paper, soap; prisoners' clothing; maintenance supplies; Article 15 of Geneva Convention 1929 breached [cited]. [No Chapter 13-note in Chapter 12 of 4 missing pages] Chapter 14. - "The Surgical Service and Special Activities". Surgical equipment from July 1942; detail about Commander Hayes; laboratory; pharmacy; X-Ray; dental clinic. Chapter 15. The Bilibid Store augmented diet and medical supplies; detail about Alexander Hanson. Chapter 16. Structure of Japanese authority; "Philippines Islands Prisoners of War Administration"; memorandum for Dr Sarkin from Dr Nogi regarding critical patient; Detail about Mr Earl Schweizer, Mr Haase; problems of language; Japanese "squeeze". Chapter 17. - "Incidental Activities/Morale". "Bilibid Follies" (weekly show); propaganda used; religion; detail about Chaplains Wilcox, Cumming, Duffy; athletics, volleyball, basketball, libraries, movies; Bilibid College and list of courses taught. Chapter 18. Structure of Japanese authority, list of grades [very similar to Chapter 17 but not identical]; lists of reports made daily and monthly; copy of "Warning" by 1st Lt. Nogi; Front Office men; detail about Earl Schweizer and pharmacist Haase; radio; copy of "Awarding" to inmates Schweizer, Haase and Gomes for being "constantly willing" in their services with the Japanese. Chapter 19. - "The Pasay and Tayabas Labor Camps". Nationality make up of prisoners at Pasay and Bilibid; work of prisoners; Tayabas Labor Project compared to Pasay; long march south of Manila [Death March?]-personal account; conditions in labour camps; burial procedure for U.S. prisoners; estimates of numbers of deaths.

Unaddressed letter, written by Mr and Mrs Walter Robb.

4 page unaddressed letter, written by Mr and Mrs Walter Robb. Gives history of their son, James, including birth, education, and marital details. Goes on to list movements while a POW up to his death. Also details death of James' wife, Monica, and subsequent return of daughter, Jannis, to California. Ends with details of how the manuscript, "They Carried On", survived, the location of which is still unknown. [Last sentence implies letter addressed to someone at Stanford University.]