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Anne Walden

Annie Chalmers Walden, nee Nicoll, was born 12 August 1915 at 3 Balfour Street, Dundee. The youngest of four daughters, their parents ran a working men's cafe in Hunter Street. Annie attended Harris Academy, 1926-1932, then began her studies at Dundee University College. By 1935 Annie had gained a first class degree in Science, and a year later with honours in Zoology. She was also captain of the College's athletics team. Annie had studied under Professor Peacock, and continued working with him as researcher and tutor until 1937. Annie then worked as an assistant guide lecturer at the Perth Museum for two years, then at Leicester Museums as an education assistant There, she met Trevor Walden, (who would become the director of the Burrell collection in Glasgow) and they married in 1941. During WW2, Annie was posted the the British Library, while her husband served in the Navy. Her research involved investigating beaches for the D day landings. In 1945 Annie left London and took the post of Director of Halifax Museum. After the war and the births of her children, Annie worked as a demonstrator in the Zoolology Dept of Leicester University and also taught in local schools and colleges as well as working for Leicester University Press. In 1973, she trained as a teacher at Jordanhill College, Glasgow, after which she taught science in a number of schools, her final post being at Clydebank High School. Annie had two sons, Ian and Neil; Ian graduated from Dundee in 1966 having studied Engineering, and her niece, Sheila, lectured at Dundee in Chemistry. Annie has lived in Bowling, West Dunbartonshire since 1973 and was, for 26 years, the Chair of the Bowling and Milton Community Council.

Arbroath Horse Hiring Co Ltd

This company was formed in 1895 to carry on the business of horsedealers, posthorse masters, cab and omnibus proprietors and livery stable keepers. It later traded under the name of the Arbroath Motor Company.

Arbroath Infirmary

In 1836 the need for medical provision "for the relief of the poor" in Arbroath was so great that a dispensary was set up by public subscription and run by the local medical practitioners. A typhus epidemic in 1842 resulted in the first in-patient service, a small fever ward for the isolation of typhus sufferers, and from 1843 subscriptions were being raised to develop this into an infirmary. With the aid of donations from subscribers and from Lord Panmure the new Infirmary opened in 1845 to provide both out-patient and in-patient care. By 1913 this building was becoming overcrowded and in 1916 the Infirmary moved to a new building on Rosemount Road. This was extended further in 1961 with the addition of the Queen Mother maternity wing. In 1948 the hospital was absorbed into the Eastern Region Hospital Board under the terms of the National Health (Scotland) Act of 1947. In 2020 it is managed by NHS Tayside.

Archibald James Edward Stewart Douglas

Lord Archibald James Edward Stewart Douglas of Douglas (1748-1827) was the eldest son of Lady Jane Steuart and her husband Colonel Douglas (after 1759 Sir John Stewart, 3rd Baronet of Grandtully). He was educated at Rugby and at Westminster and in 1761 inherited the estate of Douglas from his uncle Archibald, first Duke of Douglas (1694-1761), whose sister was Lady Jane Stewart. He assumed the surname Douglas at that stage. His succession was disputed by the Duke of Hamilton, Lord Douglas Hamilton and Sir Hew Dalrymple of North Berwick, in what became known as the 'Douglas Cause'. The Court of Session decided against him in 1767 but the decision was reversed in 1769 and finally settled in 1779 by the House of Lords. Douglas became MP for Forfarshire, 1782-1790, and in 1790 was created a peer in the House of Lords with the title Lord Douglas of Douglas. He married first in 1771, Lady Lucy Graham (d 1780), and second, in 1783, Lady Frances Scott (d 1817). He died on 26 December 1827.

Arctic Leather Goods Company

The Arctic Leather Goods Company started trading c.1928 as 'Schoolbag and leather goods manufacturers' at 49 Yeaman Shore, Dundee. It was incorporated as a limited company in 1931. In 1950 the company was about to be wound up voluntarily when it was acquired by the Dundee Brattice Cloth and Waterproofing Co Ltd.

Arthur Dawson Foote

  • Person
  • 1931-

A. D. Foote was born in Toxteth and educated in Manchester from 1938 and at Balliol College, Oxford, from 1949 where he read Classics and English.

Foote suffered from schizophrenia from the age of 26. After he recovered from an illness he spent some years as Warden of the International Voluntary Service Centre in London. To get a quieter job he worked at the National Central Library in Malet Place till 1965.

In 1969 he moved to Dundee where his family stayed; he had to spend the first 5 years in hospital. There, he edited a quarterly magazine for the patients which ran up to 22 issues.

A. D. Foote has been writing poetry and short stories as a vocation, and from 1985 earning income as a translator. He speaks Finnish, Polish, Hungarian, Cornish, Arabic, Ido and Interlingua.

Arthur Donald Walsh (1916-1977)

A. D. Walsh, or Donald Walsh as he was known, was born in Loughborough, Leicestershire, in 1916. Educated at Cambridge he took a PhD in physical chemistry in 1941 and became an ICI fellow. In 1955, after six years as a lecturer and reader in physical chemistry at Leeds University, Walsh took over the chair of chemistry at Queen's College, Dundee. He was well respected for his work on molecular spectroscopy and combustion and his contribution to chemistry was recognised with his election to the Royal Society in 1964. During his time in Dundee he oversaw the expansion of the Chemistry Department and was made Dean of the Faculty of Science when the new University was created in 1967. As his international standing grew Walsh was frequently asked to lecture abroad. Forced to retire in 1976 through ill health, he died in 1977 at the age of sixty.

Ashwell & Nesbit Ltd

Ashwell and Nesbit Ltd. was an engineering firm based in London and Leicester. They specialised in heating and ventilation systems, which they installed in various kinds of buildings all around the UK. The were active from c1901 until closure in 1968

Association of Jute Spinners and Manufacturers

The Association was founded in 1918 and its origins lay in the weekly informal meetings of producers in the Chamber of Commerce. Discussions at these meetings may have been on any or every aspect of the trade from the price of goods to wages paid, types of machinery and new developments. The Association was initially founded as a cartel to protect the prices of members' products. However, the founders rapidly saw the potential of a large and strong employers' organisation. Committees were set up to investigate every aspect of the trade and manufacturing process and the Association rapidly became the representative of all members in negotiating with employees - organised unions or otherwise. This also had an advantage for the unions in that no matter which firm employed their disputing members, they negotiated with the Association and any agreement was binding on all member firms and union members. The prinicple was that not only did the Association allow firms to avoid damaging price-cutting competition, but by joint representative negotiation with employees it helped avoid strikes over parity in wages. In many ways the Association's industrial relations were ahead of their time. Indeed the Dundee jute industry led the field in the use of work-study projects with the co-operation of the unions. This led to the introduction of a points system for grading jobs, and payment for them, on a scale according to difficulty and time required to perform each specific function. Consequently when the Equal Pay Act was introduced the Association's member firms had little problem in adjusting, as their pay scales were based on the difficulty factor of each operation, and they were among the first to convert to equal pay. The Association set the prices for jute goods until challenged by the monopolies commission under the Restrictive Trade Practices Act. Although the Association eventually won their case, fighting it was financially ruinous and they abandoned price setting. From an early membership of fifty-six spinners and manufacturers in Dundee and Tayport alone, by 1982 there were only four spinners and four manufacturers of jute in the entire UK.
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